Pangong lake is the world’s highest saltwater lake situated at an altitude of almost 4,350m in the union territory of Ladakh. The lake derives its name from the Tibetan word, “Pangong Tso”, which means “high grassland”. For the last decade, acquiring the western front of the lake has been a point of contention between India and China because 2/3rd of the lake about 20 km from the Line of Actual Control lies in Tibet.
The charm of Pangong lake is its ability to change colour. The shades range from light green to crystal blue and sometimes even golden,red and pink. Experts believe that change in sky colour and refraction at high altitudes causes this phenomenon.
Another intriguing quality of the lake is that it completely freezes during the winter months (November-March) despite having brackish character. The rocks situated in the bed of the lake discharge high amounts of salt which is not drained into any sea or ocean and so it remains enclosed within the water body , causing the water to be saline.
The lake does not support any vegetation or aquatic life except for some species of shrimps but it is an important breeding ground for migratory birds like- Brahmini ducks, black-necked cranes, and a plethora of seagulls. A species of herbivorous ground squirrel called Marmot and a type of wild ass locally known as Kiang are the commonly found creatures here.
The snow-capped Himalayas, crystal clear water, and serene environment will make you fall in love with the Pangong lake. Camping by the clear waters and enjoying the breathtaking view will complete your experience.