Lakes in diversity!

Indian geography is diverse! 

So, are the water bodies in different regions.  

The different types of Lakes found in India creates a unique story behind each aqua. 

Lakes are surrounded by land terrains. Rivers are source, inlet or outlet of lakes which strive to join the sea together as a mainstream. 

In India, the following types are found with the distinguishing factor of surrounding terrain – plateau, mountains, glaciers, desert with a close view of the specific Indian Lake stories that make them unique and important : 

Natural Lakes

Natural Lakes are the waters naturally formed from glaciation mostly formed and flown from rift and mountainous regions to land. Natural Lakes are found in the forms of : 

  • Freshwater Lakes

The unsalted Lake, freshly found and formed by a river, stream as surface runoff surrounded by land. 

Name StateUniqueness
Wular LakeJammu and KashmirIndia’s Largest Freshwater Lake 
Chandra TaalHimachal PradeshSite of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance 
Suraj Tal Himachal PradeshThird highest Lake of India and 21st Highest Lake in the world  High Altitude Lake, inflow of Bhaga River 
Maharana Pratap Sagar Himachal PradeshSite of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance 
Blue Bird Lake Haryana Habitat for Migratory birds 
Brahma SarovarHaryana Ancient and spiritual Lake
KarnalHaryanaRouted to Epic Mahabharatha
Tilyar HaryanaCanal inflow, Located inside Tilyar Zoo
HarikePunjabSite of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance 
KanjliPunjabSite of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance 
BelasagarUttar PradeshLake used for irrigation purposes
Bhimtal UttarakhandLake of Medium Altitude
RajsamandRajasthan Vast Catchment Area
VastrapurGujaratA part of Narmada River 
Cholamo (Tso Lhamo Lake )Sikkim (East)Lake of Highest Altitude Lake in India 
KhecheoplariSikkim (West)Sacred Lake for Hindus and Bhuddhists. 
Son BeelAssamLargest Tectonically formed Wetland in the state
Deepor BeelAssamUnder Ramsar Convention 
Haflong LakeAssamOne of the highest Altitude Lakes
UmiamMeghalayaFamous for cycling and boating
Tam DilMizoramStory of uprooted mustard plant hole becoming a lake known at Lake of Mustard.  
Kanjiya LakeOrissaSite of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance 
Salim AliMaharashtraBird Watching Site
ShivsagarMaharashtraKoyna Dam oulet
Pampa SarovarKarnatakaOutlet of Tungabhadra River 
HonnamanaKarnatakaHoly Lake visited during festive seasons
AgaraKarnatakaMigratory Birds habitat of southeastern Bengaluru
BellandurKarnatakaLanding strip turned Lake, largest in the city of  Bengaluru.
KaranjiKarnatakaSurrounded by Butterfly park
Kolleru LakeAndhra PradeshHome to Migratory Birds.
ShashtamkottaKeralaSite of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance 
PanchadikulamTamil NaduPoint Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance 
  • Salt Water Lakes

The Lakes high on salinity (at least 3 grams per litre) with higher salt concentration and dissolved mineral contents. 

Name StateUniqueness
Chilika LakaOrissaLargest Saltwater Lake in India 
Pangong TsoJammu and KashmirEndorheic Lake (That do not flow into the sea) bordering Indo-China 
Tso MoririJammu and KashmirHigh Altitude Saltwater Lake 
Ulsoor LakeKarnatakaSaltWater Lake that is stale in nature
Sambhar Lake RajasthanLargest Inland lake and Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance
  • Brackish Lakes

A blend of freshwater and salt water Lakes low in salinity.   

Name StateUniqueness
Pulicat Lake Andhra Pradesh A part of Pulicat Bird Sanctuary 
Ashtamudi KayalKerala Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance
VembanadKerala Longest Lake of India and Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance, Famous for Boat Race
East Calcutta WetlandsWest Bengal Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance
  • Oxbow Lakes 

Longer Lake course in a curvy flow, formed when the river finds a shorter route.  

Name StateUniqueness
Kanwar LakeBiharAsia’s largest freshwater oxbow Lake 
Vyanthala LakeKerala South India’s naturally formed Oxbow Lake, inlet of Chalakudy River 
  • Crater Lakes

Lake born in eruptive regions, mostly volcanic.

Name StateUniqueness
Lonar Lake MaharashtraNational Geographical Heritage (that turned pink in 2020 named Soda Lake since then)
Chandubi LakeAssamFormed by 1897 earthquake 
  • Lentic Lakes

Seasonal Standing Pool of Lake waters. 

Name StateUniqueness
Thol LakeGujaratIrrigation Purposive Lake
Loktak LakeManipurFloating Island waters, Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance
  • Artificial Lakes 

Man-made Lakes that act as water reservoirs for public use and consumption. 

Name StateUniqueness
Govind Ballabh Pant SagarUttar Pradesh Largest Artificial Lake in India
Hussain SagarTelanganaRock Island Waters
Badrakali LakeTelanganaArtificial Freshwaters
Ooty LakeTamil NaduFamous for kayaking, boating
Chembarambakkam LakeTamil NaduLarge reservoir for state public water supply
RuparPunjabMan-made riverine Lake
BhojtalMadhya Pradesh One of the largest Artificial Lake in India and Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance 
Damdama Lake 


HaryanaDam built during Colonial era by Britishers for rainwater harvesting
Hamirsar LakeGujaratSituated in Bhuj town’s centre
Kankaria LakeGujaratAncient Lake of 14th century creation by Muhmmmad Shah II
Narayan SarovarGujaratSite for Hindu Pilgrims
Nagarjuna SagarAndhra PradeshConstructed along Krishna River 

Lakes in diversity and Lake biodiversity embodies the beauty and strength of a nation.

Let’s commit to do our part to conserve the diverse and beautiful aqua by understanding their importance and geography for the country’s richness of Unity In Diversity.

Published by Divya Suresh

An exuberant woman inclined to actively learn and write with immense passion for writing.

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