Indian geography is diverse!
So, are the water bodies in different regions.
The different types of Lakes found in India creates a unique story behind each aqua.
Lakes are surrounded by land terrains. Rivers are source, inlet or outlet of lakes which strive to join the sea together as a mainstream.
In India, the following types are found with the distinguishing factor of surrounding terrain – plateau, mountains, glaciers, desert with a close view of the specific Indian Lake stories that make them unique and important :
Natural Lakes are the waters naturally formed from glaciation mostly formed and flown from rift and mountainous regions to land. Natural Lakes are found in the forms of :
- Freshwater Lakes
The unsalted Lake, freshly found and formed by a river, stream as surface runoff surrounded by land.
|Wular Lake||Jammu and Kashmir||India’s Largest Freshwater Lake|
|Chandra Taal||Himachal Pradesh||Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
|Suraj Tal||Himachal Pradesh||Third highest Lake of India and 21st Highest Lake in the world High Altitude Lake, inflow of Bhaga River|
|Maharana Pratap Sagar||Himachal Pradesh||Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
|Blue Bird Lake||Haryana||Habitat for Migratory birds|
|Brahma Sarovar||Haryana||Ancient and spiritual Lake|
|Karnal||Haryana||Routed to Epic Mahabharatha|
|Tilyar||Haryana||Canal inflow, Located inside Tilyar Zoo|
|Harike||Punjab||Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
|Kanjli||Punjab||Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
|Belasagar||Uttar Pradesh||Lake used for irrigation purposes|
|Bhimtal||Uttarakhand||Lake of Medium Altitude|
|Rajsamand||Rajasthan||Vast Catchment Area|
|Vastrapur||Gujarat||A part of Narmada River|
|Cholamo (Tso Lhamo Lake )||Sikkim (East)||Lake of Highest Altitude Lake in India|
|Khecheoplari||Sikkim (West)||Sacred Lake for Hindus and Bhuddhists.|
|Son Beel||Assam||Largest Tectonically formed Wetland in the state|
|Deepor Beel||Assam||Under Ramsar Convention|
|Haflong Lake||Assam||One of the highest Altitude Lakes|
|Umiam||Meghalaya||Famous for cycling and boating|
|Tam Dil||Mizoram||Story of uprooted mustard plant hole becoming a lake known at Lake of Mustard.|
|Kanjiya Lake||Orissa||Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
|Salim Ali||Maharashtra||Bird Watching Site|
|Shivsagar||Maharashtra||Koyna Dam oulet|
|Pampa Sarovar||Karnataka||Outlet of Tungabhadra River|
|Honnamana||Karnataka||Holy Lake visited during festive seasons|
|Agara||Karnataka||Migratory Birds habitat of southeastern Bengaluru|
|Bellandur||Karnataka||Landing strip turned Lake, largest in the city of Bengaluru.|
|Karanji||Karnataka||Surrounded by Butterfly park|
|Kolleru Lake||Andhra Pradesh||Home to Migratory Birds.|
|Shashtamkotta||Kerala||Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
|Panchadikulam||Tamil Nadu||Point Calimere Wildlife and Bird Sanctuary, Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
- Salt Water Lakes
The Lakes high on salinity (at least 3 grams per litre) with higher salt concentration and dissolved mineral contents.
|Chilika Laka||Orissa||Largest Saltwater Lake in India|
|Pangong Tso||Jammu and Kashmir||Endorheic Lake (That do not flow into the sea) bordering Indo-China|
|Tso Moriri||Jammu and Kashmir||High Altitude Saltwater Lake|
|Ulsoor Lake||Karnataka||SaltWater Lake that is stale in nature|
|Sambhar Lake||Rajasthan||Largest Inland lake and Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
- Brackish Lakes
A blend of freshwater and salt water Lakes low in salinity.
|Pulicat Lake||Andhra Pradesh||A part of Pulicat Bird Sanctuary|
|Ashtamudi Kayal||Kerala||Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
|Vembanad||Kerala||Longest Lake of India and Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance, Famous for Boat Race|
|East Calcutta Wetlands||West Bengal||Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
- Oxbow Lakes
Longer Lake course in a curvy flow, formed when the river finds a shorter route.
|Kanwar Lake||Bihar||Asia’s largest freshwater oxbow Lake|
|Vyanthala Lake||Kerala||South India’s naturally formed Oxbow Lake, inlet of Chalakudy River|
- Crater Lakes
Lake born in eruptive regions, mostly volcanic.
|Lonar Lake||Maharashtra||National Geographical Heritage (that turned pink in 2020 named Soda Lake since then)|
|Chandubi Lake||Assam||Formed by 1897 earthquake|
- Lentic Lakes
Seasonal Standing Pool of Lake waters.
|Thol Lake||Gujarat||Irrigation Purposive Lake|
|Loktak Lake||Manipur||Floating Island waters, Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
- Artificial Lakes
Man-made Lakes that act as water reservoirs for public use and consumption.
|Govind Ballabh Pant Sagar||Uttar Pradesh||Largest Artificial Lake in India|
|Hussain Sagar||Telangana||Rock Island Waters|
|Badrakali Lake||Telangana||Artificial Freshwaters|
|Ooty Lake||Tamil Nadu||Famous for kayaking, boating|
|Chembarambakkam Lake||Tamil Nadu||Large reservoir for state public water supply|
|Rupar||Punjab||Man-made riverine Lake|
|Bhojtal||Madhya Pradesh||One of the largest Artificial Lake in India and Site of Ramsar, Wetland of National Importance|
|Damdama Lake ||Haryana||Dam built during Colonial era by Britishers for rainwater harvesting|
|Hamirsar Lake||Gujarat||Situated in Bhuj town’s centre|
|Kankaria Lake||Gujarat||Ancient Lake of 14th century creation by Muhmmmad Shah II|
|Narayan Sarovar||Gujarat||Site for Hindu Pilgrims|
|Nagarjuna Sagar||Andhra Pradesh||Constructed along Krishna River|
Lakes in diversity and Lake biodiversity embodies the beauty and strength of a nation.
Let’s commit to do our part to conserve the diverse and beautiful aqua by understanding their importance and geography for the country’s richness of Unity In Diversity.