Sacred Groves Across India

by Rajshri Ravichandran

Source: Teahub

A substantial portion of India’s floral and faunal richness can be found in sacred groves, which are lengths of forest or other natural habitats of varied sizes that are typically safeguarded by the local populations. They are regarded as sacred and are frequently connected to temples, monks, or shrines. Since the spaces beneath these trees are commonly devoted to a regional divinity, the local populations take charge of and are responsible for maintaining these locations. On the basis of the idea that all natural creatures must be conserved, several groups in India practice nature worship. Endangered and rare species can be found in sacred forests. These groves also stand for an ancient heritage of environmental conservation, serving as natural biodiversity gem homes, and are home to numerous rare and endangered species.

The sacred groves have been sustainably preserved by surrounding communities and act as significant receptacles for various plants and animals. They frequently serve as the final remaining habitat for exotic species in a given area. The woods frequently have ponds, streams, or springs nearby, meeting the locals’ needs for water. Aquifers are recharged with the help of the vegetative cover. The sacred groves’ greenery helps the town’s soil health and reduces soil erosion.

Source: The Hindu

Even though the sacred groves are spread across India, they are majorly found in forested areas such as the Western Ghats, the Himalayas, and the northeastern and central hill tracts. Different species of medical plants, animals, birds, lizards, snakes, frogs, and many other endangered living creatures are found in these sacred groves. 

List of Scared Groves in Each State:

S.NoStateTerm for Sacred GroveNo. of documented sacred forest
1Andhra PradeshPavithravana677
2Arunachal PradeshGumpa Forests159
3AssamSacred Grove29
4BiharSarhuli Mander43
6GoaDeorai, Pann93
7GujaratSabarkantha, Dahod, Banaskantha42
8HaryanaGurudwara grove57
9Himachal PradeshKul Deveta329
10Jammu & KashmirBani92
11JharkhandSarana/ Jaherthan29
12KarnatakaDevara Vana, Devara Kadu, Huli devarakadu, Nagavan, Bhatappavana, Jatakappan bana, Ghowdibana, Kan1476
13KeralaKavu, Sarp Kavu1096
14Madhya PradeshSharana, Devkot, Matikot, Devsthali, Budhadev170
15MaharashtraPavithravan, Deovan, Deorai, Devgudi, Pen Gada/ Gonds, Devarahati2820
16ManipurGamkhap, Mauhak166
17MeghalayaKi Law Lyngdoh, Ki Law Kyntang, Ki Law Niam105
18OdishaJahera, Thakuramma188
19PuducherryKovil Kadu108
20RajasthanVani, Malvan, Kenkri, Orans, Shamalt deh, Devabani, Jogmaya560
22Tamil NaduSwami Shola, Koil Kadu, Kattu Koil, Vanakkoil1275
24UttaraKhandDeo Bhumi, Bugyal133
25Uttar PradeshDev van, Pavithravan32
26West BengalGramthan, Santalburitan, Shitalatan, Haritan, Sabitritan, jahera, Deo Tasara, Mawmund562


Published by LakesOfIndia

Lakes of India is an E.F.I initiative aimed at sensitizing the larger public on freshwater habitats across the country. A blog platform where one can read about lakes across India. You can become a guest blogger to write about a lake in your hometown and initiate an action to protect that lake.

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