Is Maharashtra really developing when it comes to water?

October 11, 2020 by Poonam

Okay, so first let’s start with the important rivers of Maharashtra..

Out of 5 major rivers of India, 3 flow through the state of Maharashtra and they are Godavari, Krishna and Tapi.

Godavari  – Originates in Trimbakeshwar (one of the 12 jyotirlingas) in Nashik, it flows a distance of 1465 km, south-east across the Deccan Plateau and through the states  Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Odisha states into the Bay of Bengal. It is also called the Dakshina Ganga.

Discharge: 3,505 m³/s

Basin size: 312,812 km2 (120,777 sq mi)

River extends for over 9.5% of the total geographical area of India. Asia’s largest Lift irrigation project, the Vishnupuri Prakalp has been constructed on the river at a distance of 5km from the city of Nanded.

Krishna – originates in Mahabaleshwar. Its length is 1300km and flows through the states of Maharashtra, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh; forming the most fertile delta of India; into the Bay of Bengal. The river has an average annual surface water potential of 78.1 cubic km and covers 8% of the total geographical area of India.

Discharge: 1,642 m³/s

Basin size: 258,948 km2 (99,980 sq mi)

Tapioriginates from the Multai region in the eastern Satpura range in Madhya Pradesh. This westward flowing River empties into the Gulf of Khambhat of the Arabian Sea. It covers a total geographical area of 2%.The Average annual surface water potential is 18 cubic km

Length: 724 km

Basin area: 65,145 km²

This was brief information about 3 important rivers of Maharashtra. But what concerns is the polluted rivers of Maharastra.

According to the National Green Tribunal (NGT), Maharashtra is one of the largest economy in the country, but it has the highest number of polluted river stretches in the country. Some of the most polluted rivers are Vena, Godavari, Bhima, Krishna, Tapi, Panchganga, Mithi, Vaitarni, and Wardha.

This is so called Holy River Godavari, which is polluted by humans.

This is Krishna River

This is Tapi River

Mithi river in Mumbai

This images shows how is the current condition of the rivers.

Measures for rejuvenation of various are ongoing, but are they enough or serving the purpose.

We need to start changing our habits and become more attentive because we are also polluting the rivers in one or the other way.

Have you heard of Carbon Neutrality..!!!

October 11, 2020 by Poonam

Friends, climate changes are evident and so are their consequences.  Many measures are being taken in order to bring things under control. One of them is to build a carbon neutral economy. Well many countries are planning measures in order to go Carbon neutral by 2050. So first let’s understand what is carbon neutrality and then we will see its situation in India.

So as per Wiki, Carbon neutrality, or having a net zero carbon footprint, refers to achieving net zero carbon dioxide emissions by balancing carbon dioxide emissions with carbon removal (using carbon offsetting) or absorbing carbon from atmosphere in carbon sinks or simply eliminating carbon dioxide emissions altogether.

Carbon Neutrality can be achieved through Carbon Offsetting– which means compensating for emissions made in one sector by reducing them somewhere else. or switch to 100% Renewable Energy Resources.

Carbon Sequestration i.e. removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and then storing it in solid or liquid form. In order to achieve net zero emissions, all worldwide greenhouse gas emissions will have to be counterbalanced by carbon sequestration.

Carbon Sinks is any system that absorbs more carbon than it emits. The main natural carbon sinks are soil, forests and oceans. According to estimates, natural sinks remove between 9.5 and 11 Gt of CO2 per year. Annual global CO2 emissions reached 38.0 Gt in 2019.

To date, no artificial carbon sinks are able to remove carbon from the atmosphere on the necessary scale to fight global warming. And the carbon stored in natural sinks such as forests is released into the atmosphere through forest fires, changes in land use or logging. This is why it is essential to reduce carbon emissions in order to reach climate neutrality.

Carbon Neutrality in India –

India has started its journey to reduce carbon footprint by shifting to cleaner fuels. Implementation of BSVI or BS6 norms i.e. Bharat Stage Emission Standards norms in from April 2020 and increased adoption of electric vehicles will help us fast track carbon neutrality.

Also, there are various other initiatives to promote uptake of electric vehicles like National Electric Mobility Mission Plan 2020 (NEMMP), Scheme for Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid &) Electric Vehicles in India (FAME), National Mission on Transformative Mobility and Battery Storage, income-tax deduction on the interest paid on loans taken for the purchase of EVs, etc.

Electric vehicles accounted for nearly 2.9 percent of all automobile sales for FY19 in India. Over the last six years, around eight thousand EVs have been locally sold in India. This also has about 1.5m electric rickshaws and nearly half of India’s conventional rail tracks are electrified. So, it is safe to say that the Indian surface transport is nearly carbon neutral.

Some Headlines:

  1. With Kerala and Manipur already adopting the concept of Carbon Neutral Village, Ladakh Leh Kargil will be the first large region to be carbon neutral. In this direction, a 7500 MW solar park is being built in Ladakh for electricity and infrastructure development in the region.
  2. Infosys India’s second-largest Information Technology company, and one of the first companies of its type to commit to carbon neutrality. In 2011, Infosys made a pledge to become carbon neutral by 2020.
  3. Well, India has pledged to reduce its GHG emissions intensity by 33-35 percent by 2030 under the Paris Agreement.

So, this is a small knowledge share about carbon neutrality.

Will keep exploring more and any thoughts about the same are appreciated….

Till then keep going green and keep checking your carbon footprint…:)

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